By Kim Ashmore, teacher and writer, UK
Learners are often worried about pronunciation, but it is important to remember that you do not need to sound like a native English speaker for you to be able to communicate in English. There are different accents in the United Kingdom and other countries where English is spoken as a first language. English is also widely used in countries like India and Singapore and is increasingly used as a global language. There are many different varieties of English - you've probably discovered this yourself.
Don't worry if your child does not speak with 'perfect' English pronunciation. Let your child play with and discover sounds - this is an important stage in learning languages. You could also compare sounds in English to sounds in your first language. Are the sounds similar? If so, how are they spelled? Are any sounds in English totally different to sounds in your first language? Try to help your child understand that what is important is communicating what they'd like to say.
Activities you can do with your child
There are lots of activities you can do with your child to practise pronunciation. Choose the activities that you think your child will like best. Try to make the activities as fun as possible, and stop when your child has had enough.
Here are some ideas for activities:
- Songs and rhymes
Songs, nursery rhymes and chants are a great way to introduce younger children to the sounds of English. Many chants and nursery rhymes are repetitive and easy to remember, and your child will not need to be able to read or write English.
You'll find some traditional songs and nursery rhymes on LearnEnglish Kids. Listen to the songs, learn them together and sing the rhymes wherever and whenever you like - in the car, on the way to school, at bathtime!
You can also read some tips for using simple rhymes with children. You'll find some rhymes that you can listen to, or download. You'll also find a fun resource you can try with your children called 'Rhyme and record'.
- Pron Pal
Download Pron Pal onto your computer. This is a guide to the pronunciation of key topic words for young learners. With Pron Pal, learners click on a button to listen to how words are pronounced, and they can also record themselves saying the words and sentences. Children love hearing themselves, and will enjoy practising saying the words.
With Pron Pal, just listen to and record the simple words if your child is beginning to learn English. If your child has a higher level of English then listen to and record the longer phrases and sentences. You could join in too!
- Listening to stories
Listening to somebody reading aloud while following a text is a good way for children to pick up how words and sound, and also to learn what words sound like in sentences.
If you don't feel confident enough to read aloud to your child then there are stories you can listen to on LearnEnglish Kids. You can listen to the stories together. You could also borrow books with tapes or CDs from the library if that's possible, or buy some. Perhaps you could share books and CDs with friends and make your own library?
Say words silently to your child. Can they guess what words you are saying? This will make them concentrate on the shapes made to make sounds. When your child has got the idea, they can silently say some words to you.
Create a character with a name of the sound you want to focus on like /dz/ which is the sound of the 'J' in 'Jack'. Ask your child to draw Jack and then think of all the things that Jack likes that start with the same sound, for example, juggling, jam, Japanese food etc. Now draw these things around the picture of Jack. Here is an example using a character called 'Harriet' to focus on the /h/ sound:
Choose one word, for example, chair. Ask your child to draw the word, and next to the picture write (or draw) words that have the same sound for example, hair, hare, wear, pear. Here is an example:
- Tongue twisters
Try some tongue twisters. This can be a fun way to practise sounds with older children. Here are some popular English tongue twisters.
- She sells sea shells on the sea shore
- A proper copper coffee pot
- Around the rugged rocks the ragged rascal ran
- Red lorry, yellow lorry, red lorry, yellow lorry
- A big black bug bit a big black bear
- Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
You can find more tongue twisters on LearnEnglish Kids. Listen to the tongue twisters, and practise saying them. How fast can you say them? You could discuss which sounds are difficult, and not like the sounds in your first language, and the sounds that are similar to your first language.